Kontroversi Revisi Undang-Undang Minerba Terhadap Hak Asasi Manusia Masyarakat Hukum Adat

Shelvi Rusdiana, Winda Fitri, Felysha Putri Divia

Abstract


Law no. 3 of 2020 is predicted to be able to improve mineral and coal mining by integrating the concept of real participation in the community. In fact, the Minerba Law has sparked polemics on human rights issues. This research aims to find out what are the controversial regulations on the Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples contained in the Minerba Law and the community's efforts to fight for human rights contained in the Minerba Law. This research uses normative juridical methods, namely research starting from statutory regulations, books, scientific journals and websites. The results of the research are that there are several articles that have multiple interpretations regarding the rights of customary law communities which are detrimental to the community. This controversy has certainly drawn a response from the public whose efforts are to carry out a judicial review at the Constitutional Court. Constitutional Court Decision Number 37/PUU-XIX/2022 Revision of Law Number 4 of 2009 concerning Mineral and Coal Mining as partly amended by Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia seems to provide a wide path to oligarchic profit-seekers rather than paying attention to the welfare of the Indonesian people. Looking at the problems above, the role of regional government is a solution in making regional legal product policies that can provide solutions for empowering, fostering respect and protection of MHA as a subject of development. 


Keywords


Mining Law, Human Rights, Society

Full Text:

PDF

References


A.A. Putu Wiwik Sugiantari, S.H., M.H. “AKTUALISASI HAK ASASI MANUSIA (HAM) DALAM PENEGAKAN HUKUM LINGKUNGAN,” no. 1 (2004): 1–14.

Adat, Warga, and Suladesi Utara. “Urgensi Rancangan Undang-Undang Masyarakat Adat Ditinjau Dari Konflik Warga Adat Toruakat Di Suladesi Utara” 4 (2022): 185–95. https://doi.org/10.47476/assyari.v4i3.1384.

Alhakim, Abdurrakhman, and Eko Soponyono. “Kebijakan Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi Terhadap Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi.” Jurnal Pembangunan Hukum Indonesia 1, no. 3 (2019): 322–36. https://doi.org/10.14710/jphi.v1i3.322-336.

Anggoro, Teddy. “KAJIAN HUKUM MASYARAKAT HUKUM ADAT DAN HAM DALAM LlNGKUP NEGARA KESATUAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA.” Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan 36, no. 4 (2017): 487. https://doi.org/10.21143/jhp.vol36.no4.1477.

Asilah, Annisa Thurfah, and Heru Sugiyono. “Kepastian Hukum Izin Usaha Pertambangan Khusus/IUPK (Studi: IUPK Sebagai Kelanjutan Kontrak Karya Dan Perjanjian Karya Pengusahaan Pertambangan Batubara Dalam UU Minerba).” National Conference on Law Studies (NCOLS) 2, no. 1 (2020): 552–65.

Denis Dwi Nastiti, Rahayu Subekti. “JUDICIAL REVIEW OLEH MAHKAMAH KONTITUSI TERHADAP UU NO.3 TAHUN 2020 TENTANG MINERAL DAN BATUBARA.” Economist 385, no. 8552 (2007): 607–15. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781788970228.00060.

Disemandi, Hari, and Putrie Nadia. “PENEGAKAN HUKUM LINGKUNGANDI INDONESIA: KAJIAN PERSPEKTIF HUKUM PIDANA.” Maleo Law 5, no. 2 (2021): 13-25hlm.

Dondo, Sri Mela, Burhanuddin Kiyai, and Novie Palar. “Dampak Sosial Pengelolaan Tambang Emas Di Desa Bakan Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow.” Jap 7, no. 101 (2021): 63–72.

Eriyanti, Fitri. “Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Di Sekolah Dasar: Aplikasi Teori Emile Durkheim Tentang Moralitas Dan Pendidikan Moral.” Demokrasi 5, no. 2 (2006): 141–55.

Faisal, Faisal, and Derita Prapti Rahayu. “Tujuan Pemidanaan Undang-Undang Minerba Dalam Perspektif Kebijakan Kriminalisasi.” Bina Hukum Lingkungan 5, no. 2 (2021): 287–303. https://doi.org/10.24970/bhl.v5i2.189.

Fransiskus Saverius Nurdin. “KEWAJIBAN NEGARA MENGAKUI DAN MENGHORMATI MASYARAKAT HUKUM ADAT SEBAGAI ENTITAS DASAR PEMBENTUK PERADABAN BANGSA Fransiskus Saverius Nurdin.” Universitas Kristen Wira Wacana, 2019, 1005–20.

Hanafi Pasaribu, Yusuf, and Dewi Robiyanti. “Didikan Positif Hukum Adat Tentang Membudayakan Sikap Berbagi Untuk Sesama Serta Memahami Indahnya Kebersamaan.” Journal Liaison Academia and Society (J-LAS) 2022, no. 3 (2022): 18–33. https://j-las.lemkomindo.org/index.php/J-LAS.

Idrus, Nur Fadilah Al. “Dampak Politik Hukum Dan Respon Masyarakat Atas Pembaharuan Undang-Undang Minerba.” Jurnal Penegakan Hukum Dan Keadilan 3, no. 2 (2022): 114–27. https://doi.org/10.18196/jphk.v3i2.14898.

Kholifah, Ayu. “Menakar Perlindungan HAM Dalam Revisi UU Minerba Melalui UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.” Jurnal Justisia : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Perundang-Undangan Dan Pranata Sosial 6, no. 1 (2021): 26. https://doi.org/10.22373/justisia.v6i1.10610.

Lelisari, Lelisari, Hamdi Hamdi, and Imawanto Imawanto. “Kemunduran Pengaturan Tanggung Jawab Sosial Perusahaan Dalam Sektor Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batubara.” Jurnal IUS Kajian Hukum Dan Keadilan 9, no. 2 (2021): 404–21. https://doi.org/10.29303/ius.v9i2.907.

Muazzin, Muazzin. “Hak Masyarakat Adat (Indigenous Peoples) Atas Sumber Daya Alam: Perspektif Hukum Internasional.” PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law) 1, no. 2 (2014): 322–45. https://doi.org/10.22304/pjih.v1n2.a7.

Nadiyya, Ahsana. “Menakar Undang-Undang Mineral Dan Batubara Terhadap Kerentanan Perlindungan Hak Masyarakat Hukum Adat.” Jurnal Hukum Lex Generalis 2, no. 3 (2021): 195–212. https://jhlg.rewangrencang.com/%0AMENAKAR.

Ndaumanu, Frichy. “Kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah Terhadap Upaya Perlindungan Dan Penghormatan Masyarakat Hukum Adat Di Kabupaten Alor Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.” Jurnal HAM 9, no. 1 (2018): 37. https://doi.org/10.30641/ham.2018.9.37-49.

Qurbani, Indah Dwi, and Ilham Dwi Rafiqi. “Bisnis Sektor Sumber Daya Alam Dan Hak Asasi Manusia Di Indonesia: Realitas Dan Tantangan.” Media Iuris 5, no. 2 (2022): 259–84. https://doi.org/10.20473/mi.v5i2.34348.

Rajab, Adirandi M, Yoga Andriyan, and Sofyan Muhamad. “PENGELOLAAN MINERAL DAN BATUBARA PASCA PEMBERLAKUAN UU NO 3 TAHUN 2020” 2, no. 1 (2022): 32–46.

Reno Fitriyanti. “Pertambangan Batubara Dampak Lingkungan, Sosial Dan Ekonomi.” Jurnal Redoks Teknik Kimia Volume 1, no. Pertambangan Batubara : Dampak Lingkungan, Sosial dan Ekonomi (2016): 34–40.

Respationo, HM. Soerya, and M. Guntur Hamzah. “Putusan Hakim: Menuju Rasionalitas Hukum Refleksif Dalam Penegakan Hukum.” Yustisia Jurnal Hukum 2, no. 2 (2013): 101–7. https://doi.org/10.20961/yustisia.v2i2.10194.

Rusdiana, Shelvi, Rufinus Hotmaulana Hutauruk, and Lu Sudirman. “Penyuluhan Arti Penting Perlindungan Hak-Hak Konstitusional Pada Masyarakat Pesisir.” Sang Sewagati Journal 1, no. 1 (2023): 13–22.

Santoso, Hari Agus. “Perspektif Keadilan Hukum Teori Gustav Radbruch Dalam Putusan Pkpu ‘PTB.’” Jatiswara 36, no. 3 (2021): 325–34. https://jatiswara.unram.ac.id/index.php/js/article/view/341.

Taufiq, Donni, Dewi Prima Meiliasari, Suci Prihastuti, Peran Negara, Dalam Tata, Kelola Pertambangan, Bahan Galian, and Nuklir Semua. “PERAN NEGARA DALAM TATA KELOLA PERTAMBANGAN BAHAN GALIAN NUKLIR,” 2016, 1–5.

Thontowi, Jawahir. “Perlindungan Dan Pengakuan Masyarakat Adat Dan Tantangannya Dalam Hukum Indonesia.” Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum 20, no. 1 (2013): 21–36. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol20.iss1.art2.

Wila Eka Maya1, Syela Maulika Anwar2, Erdi Asri3Wila Eka Maya1, Syela Maulika Anwar2, Erdi Asri3. “PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN HUKUM PERUSAHAAN TAMBANG BATUBARA TERKAIT PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN” 5 (2023): 154–71.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/legalitas.v15i2.454

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Legalitas: Jurnal Hukum Published by Program Magister Ilmu Hukum Universitas Batanghari Jambi
Adress: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hukum, Program Magister Ilmu Hukum, Jl. Slamet Ryadi, Kec. Telanaipura, Broni-Jambi, Kodepos: 36122, email: legalitas.unbari[at]gmail.com

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.